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ǤԴ
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Ѿҡù
 

     "Ѿҡù" 繷ѾҡøҵԷդӤѭҧ ժԵءԴöçԵͧ¹ ͡ҡ ѧ繻Ѩ¡üԵӤѭҨ繡üԵҤɵá Ҥصˡ Ҥԡ ੾СüԵҤɵáҤصˡɵ ҤüԵͧ ҳҡ Ѿҡù繷Ѿҡ÷ӡѴ šչҳ 1,234 ҹ١ȡ 繹Ө״§ 5 лҳ 4 5 ͧӨ״ 繹ࢵš ͡ҡѧ繹Թ֧ 99 ͧӨ״繢ͧ

          ջҳӷµǤ͹ҧºѺ͹ҹ ǤջҳӷµҡѺ 3,344 ١ȡõͤͻ 繻ҳӷ٧ࡳ·Ѻͧͧ˻ЪҪҵԤ ͧ¡ 1,700 ١ȡõͤͻ ¤һջѭҡâҴŹ ¡㹪ǧĴ 㹢з͹ҹͧջҳӷµǤ͹ҧ٧ ҸóѰЪҸԻ»ЪҪջҳӷµҷش¤ 36,071 ١ȡõͤͻ 26,105 ١ȡõͤͻ ¹ 18,442 ١ȡõͤͻ ٪ 9,201 ١ȡõͤͻ ´ 4,690 ١ȡõͤͻ 繵 (ҧ 1)
ҧ 1 ҳӨ״㹻ȷع¹ .. 2543
ҳӨ״ع¹»
ҳ
(3 /)
ҳӵ
(3 /)
190.4 36,071
580 26,105
8.5 25,915
¹ 880.6 18,442
Թⴹ 2838 13,381
٪ 120.6 9,201
ԻԹ 479 6,332
´ 366.5 4,690
210 3,344
ԧ 0.6 149
: FAO. Review of World Water resources by Country. 2003.
ʶҹóѾҡù
- ҳӽ
              Ѻҳӽ (ҧ .. 2503-2546) ҳ 1,618 õͻ Ҥ觵ѹѺҳӽ٧شͧ ջҳ»ҳ 2,740 ١ȡõͻ ͧŧҤѹ͡Ѻҳ»ҳ 1,960 ١ȡõͻ ǹҤ觵ѹ͡ջҳ»ҳ 1,730 ١ȡõͻ Ҥѹ͡§˹Ѻҳ»ҳ 1,430 ١ȡõͻ Ҥ˹Ѻҳ»ҳ 1,240 ١ȡõͻ ҤҧҤѺҳ·ش ͻҳ 1,230 ١ȡõͻ ;ԨóԴͧ 㹪ǧ 44 շҹһҳѺŴŧѵ 0.3 ͻ (ٻ 1) ˵ǹ˹Դҡ¹ŧҾҡȢͧš觼šзҡȢͧ´ ǹҳҤ ҳ¢ͧҤ˹ Ҥѹ͡ ҤŴŧ ǹҤҧҤѹ͡§˹硹
- ҳӷ
            վ鹷 512,000 ҧ 觾鹷ҾԻȫѡ 25 ѡ Ѻҳӽҳ 728,028 ҹ١ȡõͻ 70 ͧҳӨӹǹ ЫŧԹ¡Ѻҡ Фҧ觹 ˹ͧ к֧ҵ ǹ 30 ͻҳ 213,424 ҹ١ȡ 繹ӷҷ仵 Ӥͧ Ӹõҧ Ҥ˹ջҳӷһҳ 38,567 ҹ١ȡõͻ Ҥѹ͡§˹ջҳӷһҳ 61,513 ҹ١ȡõͻ Ҥҧջҳ 24,976 ҹ١ȡõͻ Ҥѹ͡ҳ 23,882 ҹ١ȡõͻ Ҥҳ 64,486 ҹ١ȡõͻ (ҧ 2)
ҧ 2 ҳлҳӷ 25 ѡͧ
ǧ»ҳ
ҳ
ҳ
ҳӷ
(..)
(ѹ)
»(.)
(.)
(ҹ ź..)
(ҹ ź..)
Ҥ˹
1 Թ
17,918
11,199
900-3,100
1,354
24,257
8,376
3
7,895
4,934
1,100-2,200
1,478
11,668
4,177
6 ԧ
33,896
21,185
900-1,900
1,125
38,118
8,725
7 ѧ
10,792
6,745
900-1,400
1,099
11,856
1,617
8
23,616
14,760
1,000-1,600
1,159
27,375
3,657
9 ҹ
34,331
21,457
1,000-1,800
1,273
43,693
12,015
Ҥ
128,448
80,280
900-3,100
1,248
156,969
38,567
Ҥѹ͡§˹
2
57,424
35,890
900-2,900
1,548
88,904
30,769
4
49,477
30,923
900-1,700
1,174
58,083
11,244
5
69,701
43,563
800-2,500
1,266
88,250
19,500
Ҥ
176,602
110,376
800-2,900
1,329
235,237
61,513
Ҥҧ
10 Ҿ
20,126
12,579
800-1,600
1,084
21,813
1,732
11 ᡡѧ
5,191
3,244
1,000-1,500
1,234
6,405
1,125
12 ѡ
16,291
10,182
900-1,800
1,213
19,764
2,897
13 Ҩչ
13,681
8,551
800-1,500
1,041
14,239
1,364
14 ͧ
30,837
19,273
900-2,200
1,334
41,131
15,129
19 ྪú
5,603
3,502
900-1,400
1,064
5,961
1,385
20 ½觷ŵѹ
6,744
4,215
800-1,600
1,048
7,065
1,343
Ҥ
98,473
61,546
800-2,200
1,145
116,377
24,976
Ҥѹ͡
15 Ҩչ
10,480
6,550
1,100-2,600
1,584
16,603
5,164
16 ҧС
7,978
4,986
1,100-2,600
1,346
10,738
3,344
17 ⵹Һ
4,151
2,594
800-3,000
1,516
6,293
2,394
18 ½觷ŵѹ͡
13,829
8,643
1,100-4,400
2,151
29,746
12,980
Ҥ
36,438
22,774
800-4,400
1,649
63,380
23,882
Ҥ
21 Ҥ觵ѹ͡
26,352
16,470
1,400-3,800
2,052
54,081
22,261
22 һ
12,224
7,640
1,400-3,900
2,061
25,195
10,530
23 Һʧ
8,495
5,309
1,500-2,900
1,992
16,923
6,628
24 ѵҹ
3,857
2,411
1,600-2,500
1,939
7,478
2,670
25 Ҥ觵ѹ
20,473
12,796
1,600-4,400
2,559
52,388
22,397
Ҥ
71,401
44,626
1,400-4,400
2,121
156,065
64,486
511,362
319,601
800-4,400
1,468
728,028
213,424
: Żзҹ 2546
              ҡдѺ٧شҾҷʶҹյǨѴظҵ .. 2487 ֧ .. 2547 дѺ٧شҡѺ 3.4 ÷. .. 2502 2538 2545 繻շչӷҡ дѺ٧شԹдѺ٧ͧ (4.63 ÷.) л .. 2529 2533 2536 2540 2541 繻շչӷҹ¤͹ҧ ͡ҡѧдѺ٧شҾŴŧѵ 1.3 ͻ (ٻ 2) ˵ع͡ҡҳӽŴŧѧդͧ͡ɵ صˡ Сػҡ
       աþѲ觹ٻẺҧ çþѲ觹ӢҴ˭ Ҵҧ ТҴ 觻Ѩغѹ͹Ҵ˭ТҴҧդö纡ѡҳ 71,153 ҹ١ȡ ͻҳ 33 ͧҳӷ ;Ԩó¹ŧͧҳ纡ѡͧ͹Ծ͹ԡԵ һҳ纡ѡͧ͹ԾŴŧ ѵ 0.7 ͹ԡԵŴŧѵ 0.3 (ٻ 3) ˵ͧҡҳdz˹͹ջҳŴŧ աҡ
- ӺҴ
          觹ӺҴ觡ѡ纡ѡӵҵԷաҹҹ 觹ӷöѲҹ ͷ᷹ӼǴԹ ҧá ӺҴբͨӡѴͧҳӷöѲҢ ҡӢԹҳӷöѲԴšз (Safe Yield) СԴѭҵҾǴ ÷شǢͧ蹴Թ áͧӷѧ鹹ӺҴ ҨسҾ͡ª 繵 ҳӺҴǹ˭ͧ˭ աԨҧɰԨ٧ ͧçҹصˡйԤصˡҡ ا෾ҹл § Ҵ˭ 繵 úԡôҹӻлѧ§ ҤѰԹҵá䢻ѭҡӺҴҧͧ ûСࢵǺӺҴ ࢵԡĵóӺҴ ѵҤӺҴ 纤͹ѡӺҴ 繵 㹻 .. 2546 ա͡ҪѭѵԹӺҴ (Ѻ 3) .. 2546
             ҡʶԵԢͧѾҡùӺҴ .. 2538 ֧ .. 2540 ӺҴࢵا෾ҹлµʹ 㹻 .. 2540 ջҳ٧֧ 1,538,000 ź../ѹ (ٻ 4) ѡҾӺҴࢵا෾ҹ§ 1.25 ҹ١ȡõѹ ҡôԹҵá䢻ѭҡӺҴҧԧѧͧ㹪ǧҹҷӺҴŪǧ .. 2541 ֧Ѩغѹ Ŵŧ 㹻 .. 2545 ջҳӺҴࢵا෾ҹлŴŧͻҳ 584,000 ź../ѹ
            ӺҴǹҤͧ ҡž鹰ҹдѺٺҹ ӹǹ͹ӺҴҡ ѵҡ鹷Ŵŧ 㹻 .. 2546 ӹǹ͹ӺҴŷǻ 998,539 (ٻ 5)
              㹪ǧҧ .. 2521-2524 ÷شǢͧ蹴Թ㹺dz鹷ا෾ҹлѵҡ 10 ૹõͻ ºdzԷ˧繺dzա÷شҡش ҡҵááŴҳӺҴŧдѺӺҴ٧㹺dz㨡ҧا෾ҹ Ъҹͧҹѹ͡駺dzͺͧ͡ا෾ҹ÷ѺԡùӻлҨҡûлҹǧ 觼ѵҡ÷شǢͧ蹴Թdz㨡ҧا෾ҹлŴŧ 㹻 .. 2534-2541 ѵҡ÷شǺdz㨡ҧͧ Ъҹͧҹѹ͡§ 1-2 ૹ 㹻 .. 2544-2545 ͹¡ 1 ૹõͻ 㹻 .. 2546 ÷شǢͧ蹴ԹШ㹺dzͺ͡ا෾ҹ ºdzࢵ ࢵҴкѧ ͺҧ ѧѴطûҡ ѧѴطҤ ШѧѴҹ ѵҡ÷ش 2-3 ૹõͻ 觺ҧdzա÷شԴ աӺҴ dzͤͧҹ .طûҡ 繵
- ͧù
           þҡóͧ (ǹ˭繤ͧùҤɵ) 㹻 .. 2536 2539 2549 㹻 .. 2536 ջҳͧùӷ 61,507 ҹ١ȡõͻ Ш 87,495 ҹ١ȡõͻ ШТҴŹӻҳ 12,560 ҹ١ȡõͻ Ҥҧ繾鹷դͧ٧ش 㹻 .. 2536 դͧ 36,137 ҹ١ȡõͻ 45,613 ١ȡõͻ 㹻 .. 2539 㹻 .. 2549 ͧùҾҨ 47,336 ҹ١ȡõͻ 觤ҴҨТҴŹ 3,089 ١ȡõͻ (ҧ 3) 駹äͧù㹻 .. 2547 ͧҤҧ ͧ մѧ Ҥҧ 28,540 ҹ١ȡ Ҥ˹ 12,772 ҹ١ȡ Ҥѹ͡§˹ 11,617 ҹ١ȡ Ҥѹ͡ 2,968 ҹ١ȡ Ҥ 11,334 ҹ١ȡ 67,231 ҹ١ȡ 㹻Ѩغѹҳӷ纡ѡդ٧Ҥͧ ͧҡԷҾ觹ӷ к觹кͧԴǹ˭ բͨӡѴö觹鹷ҴŹ㹷ء鹷 ͡ҡѧդѹâͧҳӵ鹷еĴ١ŷաâҴŹ
ҧ 3 ҳͧӨṡ
ҳͧ
âҴŹ
(ҹ١ȡõͻ)
(ҹ١ȡõͻ)
.. 2536
.. 2539
.. 2549
.. 2536
.. 2539
.. 2549
Ҥ˹ 8,764 10,655 13,065 141 1,408 2,792
Ҥҧ 36,137 45,613 47,336 1,965 2,179 3,089
Ҥѹ͡ §˹ 6,389 8,409 11,814 961 1,003 2,637
Ҥѹ͡ 4,314 4,761 5,935 750 591 756
Ҥ 5,933 6,282 9,345 939 1,132 3,286
61,507 75,720 87,495 4,756 6,313 12,560
: Ѿҡù 2547
       ͧùǹ˭ͧȨ繤ͧùҤɵá »վ鹷ɵáҳ 132.5 ҹ 鹷ѡҾ㹡þѲ繾鹷Żзҹҳ 40 ҹ Ѩغѹ ( .. 2545) աþѲ繾鹷Żзҹ 32.0 ҹ ¤Դ 24.2 ͧ鹷ɵá 駹 Ҥҧվ鹷Żзҹ٧ش¤Դ 45.8 ͧ鹷Żзҹ ͧŧҤҤ˹վ鹷Żзҹ 26.7 ͧ鹷Żзҹ Ҥѹ͡§˹վ鹷Żзҹ 17.2 ͧ鹷Żзҹ Ҥվ鹷ŻзҹԴ 10.3 ͧ鹷Żзҹ (ٻ 6)
-
           ѭҡâҴŹӢͧԴ㹪ǧĴ ͧҡҳ纡ѡ§͡Ѻͧ ҡ÷ҧ纹 ͨҡ÷ջҳҧ¡һ ͡ӷҴԷҾлԷԼ ͡ҡ ѧ˵بҡ駪ǧ੾Ĵл١ҧ͹Զع¹СáҤ㹾鹷Żзҹ¹ӽѡ ӷա纡ѡ¨ջѭҢҴŹӷء ӷջѭҢҴŹ㹷ء ѧ ⢧ Ҿ Ҩչ ᡡѧ Ҩչ ҧС зҺʧ ͧҡҳͧù٧һҳ纡ѡҡ ҾзҨչͧ¹ӷ¨ҡӻԧ ҹ ѡ ͧ
              ҡŢͧѾҡù͹¹ .. 2546 ҹʺ駫ӫҡ 39 ѧѴ 1,008 Ӻ 4,336 ҹ վ鹷Ҥҧ 1,669 ҹ Ҥ 1,105 ҹ Ҥѹ͡§˹ 1,068 ҹ Ҥ˹ 494 ҹ (ٻ 7)
- ط
             վ鹷ӷӫҡ 28.11 ҹ 66 ѧѴ 1,497 Ӻ 6,764 ҹ Ѩ·Դӷ ػä͡к¹ ҳӽӹǹҡ㹾鹷 Ҿ鹹ӸҾվ鹷Ҥ͹ҧӡѴ ҾФö㹡ê͹ҡŴŧ ѡɳзҾԻȢͧӷջҳҡҧǴк纡ѡЪ͹ҡӡ͹ࢵͧЪ§ ö㹡к¹Өҡ鹷ҹ˹͹ӼҹͧЪ§ͷͧѺҳҡҧʹ ͧҡþѲͧЪҧͧաáҧ觡մҧͶԹҧŴҴҧк¹ 鹷¹ӢͧͧҧդҴѹкҧѺԷԾŨҡ˹عͧӷ ֧õԹͧӤͧ 繻Ѩ·к¹ҧӡѴ ҡʶԵԢŤ·Դҡطµ .. 2521 ֧ .. 2546 ٧ҧҡ (ٻ 8)
             ѭԡĵʹյǹ˭繻ѭҡâҴŹĴ駵ǧâͧҵ 㹡èѴùӢͧѰʹյ繡èѴҹĴҡ ҧ͹͡ѡ纹ҧ纹ӢҴҧ ТҴ èѴùкŻзҹɮͧ¢ͧǺҹ繡èѴҹǡѹ աèѴùӡѹҪԡաԡҷҧѧǺ âҴŹ繻ҡóԴ鹺¤ ѭҡèѴҹӡҡ ѭҨҡõ͵ҹҧ͹ ѭҴҹêªѺšз мšзҾǴ੾дҹкȢͧ ֧繵ͧҵá㹡èѴù ѰѧҴ駡ԡͧ㹡èѴ Ѵ駴ҹӹѺѹ觨عç ͡ҡѭҡâҴŹ ѧջѭҤسҾлѭط«繻ѭҷդӤѭйѺѹ觷դعç.
ŤҤ
     èѴùҧջԷҾ á˹蹰ҹСûСͺҪվʹѺѺҵͻҳ çþѲҵҧ ӹ֧֧šзҹǴ âµǢͧͧҧȷҧ ѨҹǹԴӷ й駷Դ·駪ԵзѾԹ 㹷鹷عѧǨФӹdzҡʶԵغѵҸó Ǻٹӹ¡úҸó ͧѹкҸó ŤҤҹѾҡùҡѺ 7,032 ҹҷͻ (1) طԴҡ˵صҵСԨͧ ¡ԨͧǹԴҡ عçҡ õѴ» þѧ¢ͧԹ觹ӵԹ û١ҧ觡ҧҧҧ þѲͧºẺἹ 繵 طԴ¤ҡ Դ㹾鹷ҡ عçҡ ŤҤ¨ҡطҡѺ 6,443 ҹҷͻ (2) ŤҤ¨ҡҡѺ 588 ҹҷͻ
      Ťҷӹdz㹢й§ûҳèҡ¢ͧ鹷ɵФ¢ͧѾԹ ѧöз͹繶֧· ѧ ա֡ŤҼšзԴ鹨ҡйӷ 㹷öӹdzŤҤ·ԴҡѾҡùӺҴԹѡҾ ѧ ա֡Ҷ֧鹷ع·ԴҡѾҡùӺҴԹѡҾ㹾鹷ا෾ҹло鹷դ§͡û͹ͧ觹ӺҴ û͹ͧѹ觹ӺҴ㹾鹷ࢵصˡ û͹ͧըҡҤɵ û͹ͧ㹾鹷Թ 繵 ѡɳТͧšзԴ 蹴Թش Сû͹ͧ觹ӺҴ öз͹дѺعçͧѭҴҹѾҡùҧԧ.
ȹԢͧЪҪ
              ǨȹԢͧЪҪ ЪҪǹ˭ 32.7 դһѭҡԴط 繻ѭӤѭشͧ
 
 
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